Primary - Children Community

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Primary - (2.6years to 6 years)

Is a mixed age group of 2.4 years to 6 years old in a prepared environment where independent learning and children exploration is maximized. The non-competitive mixed age group provides many learning and social benefits to the children. Learning motivation and social skills, like respect, compassion, empathy, and leadership, are formed through the three-year period. The goal of this stage is to develop a love of work, a joy of learning, and a desired work habit, like persistence, self-discipline, concentration, and responsibility. Children will be prepared for many areas through the Montessori curriculum as follow.

Exercise of Practical Life (EPL)

"A three-year-old educated according to Montessori pedagogy, becomes a master of his hand and undertakes with a joy a variety of human activities. EPL activity is a very common interest of the children of age 3 as they enter the classroom in the first year because EPL activity provides the link from home to school. Children gain pleasure by performing the work they have seen their parents perform at home by themselves with the child-size tools. These activities allow him to develop the power of concentration. These activities help children develop control of movement, fine-motor and gross motor skills, sequencing and concentration through inviting and purposeful work, indirectly preparing the children for writing. Performing multiple steps in EPL activities prepares young children for more complicated tasks in other areas, like Mathematics.

Sensorial Lessons

Senses are the gateways for the intelligence.Sensorial activities help the children classify things in their environment using their senses. The refinement of the sense attained from the activities is the first steps toward the child’s intelligence. It helps them develop an accurate observation of the world. Sensorial skill is also a basis upon which the children will build their imagination. Each Sensorial material isolates one sensory quality in gradual and measurable way. The qualities isolated include visual, texture, smell , taste, temperature, stereognostic, baric and sound. Vocabulary and comparative language, which are part of the sensorial skill, are introduced by their facilitators. The vocabulary will be a resource for children to make more precise meaning about their world.


These activities prepare the children for English communication like enrichment of vocabulary thru planned conversations, name lessons, stories, classified pictures including alphabet recognition, reading, writing, speaking and grammar. Helping the child to realize,language is composed of different sounds even before the child can read words.The children then are introduced to Sandpaper Letters which introduce the sound of each alphabet. Later, they will learn to compose words using movable alphabets(cut out alphabets). Children will learn to write and read words or sentences. Parallely children are exposed to the difficulties in writing the English language. They will be exposed to even grammatical analysis of the parts of a sentence. Language also extends to explorations in cultural area of the curriculum, such as geography and science. New vocabulary can be seen in classified pictures or puzzle maps, like parts of animals and country names. They will discover that by reading they are able to explore further into anything at any time. Hindi language materials are also placed in the environment for children to choose from. Naturally, the children are interested in the language used in the culture they live in. Enrichment of vocabulary is done for Kannada too.


Children of this age have a mathematical mind by nature. In Montessori environment, the children don’t merely learn how to count. Montessori mathematic materials give opportunities for children to see, feel, and manipulate the quantity from zero to even a million. Children classify and make judgements of the quantity in their environment, such as similarity, dimension, distance, graduation and sequence. Mathematic is then introduced by using manipulative materials. Children learn the concept of numbers, symbols, sequences, operations and memorization of basic facts in addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, concept of fractions, and also geometry. They learn Math in a concrete way through the materials to gain and true understanding of Math concepts. Children understands the hierarchy of the decimal system thru the concrete materials.The transition to abstraction naturally happens through discovery, and continuation of mathematical abstraction goes on beyond the Primary years.

Cultural Subjects: Science, Geography and History

Children at this age are keen observers of the Nature. Incarnations Montessori education provides the framework for children to classify the natural features around them with their real life observations.The Cultural materials are ready on the shelves for children to pick and learn at their pace. Cultural activities are connected to Language activities, motivating and requiring children to read. The Cultural areas include Natural Science, Botany, Zoology, and Geography. Cultural area of Montessori curriculum is linked to and is an extension of the Language curriculum. Children learn names of continents, countries of their continent,states of the country they live in. Parts of animals, leaf shapes, etc. This makes the children realized that being able to read makes them know more about things in the world. Spending three years in Primary class, the children are familiar with many areas of cultural subjects, and are ready to develop deeper in the Elementary years.

Creative Arts (Music, Movement, and Visual Arts)

Music is integrated into the environment through singing, rhythm and playing of instruments, music appreciation. Children work with different technique of art in activities presented individually or in groups. Art activities are placed on shelves, chosen freely, and worked with independently by the children on a daily basis. Art activities are sometimes organized by teachers as a group activities at Incarnations Montessori after lunch break or on a special occasion of different cultures especially in India. Young children have a natural sense of rhythm. Music and movement help children develop a whole body coordination.

Languages other than English

Emphasis is placed on supporting and enhancing children's language development. Children are exposed to languages other than English. The classroom has Indian language native speakers. Though, the main language in the classroom is English, children naturally are interested in a language of their own culture or the culture they live in. Therefore Hindi language is integrated into the daily activity of the classroom, and Hindi alphabet lessons are given to the children according to their readiness. Children learn Hindi consonants and vowels, and start mixing their sounds to produce words.

Personal Development

Students are involved with physical education giving them an opportunity to understand their personal development and health. The program includes:

Personal Development, Incorporating the Lessons of Grace and Courtesy:

The Montessori lessons are designed to promote peace and social harmony. Lessons include information about how to handle objects with care, respect others' needs and space, use polite language, and resolve conflicts.

Health Awareness

As an extension of the EPL, children practice healthy habits in eating and caring for themselves. Children can grow food from school garden, and cook or prepare for others. They have lessons related to safety and nutrition.

Physical Education

Children participate in physical activities both indoors and outdoors. Children in Montessori move constantly. They need movement in order to learn. Free play is an opportunity for social interaction, developing strength, and refining their movement.

Interested in making your child a part of Incarnations community?